There are actually two soft spots — one at the back of the head and another on top. The posterior one closes within a few months of birth, while the top fontanelle typically remains until just past a child’s first birthday.
What happens if you touch the soft spot on a baby’s head?
Can I hurt my baby’s brain if I touch the soft spot? Many parents worry that their baby will be injured if the soft spot is touched or brushed over. The fontanel is covered by a thick, tough membrane which protects the brain. There is absolutely no danger of damaging your baby with normal handling.
When should I be concerned about my baby’s soft spot?
If you notice that your baby’s soft spot appears swollen for an extended period of time, that is cause for concern. It could be a sign that your baby’s head is swelling. If your doctor suspects brain swelling, they may request imaging tests and blood work to find out what’s the cause.
Is it normal for a newborn to have a soft spot on their head?
These soft spots, called fontanelles, are perfectly normal and actually play an important role in your baby’s development. Learn more about these soft spots, including how to protect them, when the bones of the skull will harden, and which warning signs to look out for by reading on.
Why does baby’s soft spot sunken sometimes?
A sunken fontanel occurs when the soft spot on a baby’s skull becomes more deep set than usual. One of the major causes is dehydration. The human skull is made up from several bones that are connected by tough fibrous tissue called sutures.
Can you hurt a baby by pushing on their soft spot?
As long as you do not put pressure on your baby’s soft spot, you don’t need to worry that you’re hurting them.
When do newborns heads look normal?
When babies are born their skulls are soft, which helps them pass through the birth canal. It can take 9-18 months before a baby’s skull is fully formed. During this time some babies develop positional plagiocephaly. This means that there is a flat area on the back or side of the head.
Why does my baby have a dent in the back of his head?
Sometimes babies are born with an indentation in their skull. These indentations can be caused by the birth process or by the way the baby was positioned in their mother’s womb. If the bones in a baby’s skull fuse prematurely, the baby’s head may appear dented or misshapen — a condition called craniosynostosis.
What does a bulging soft spot look like on a baby?
A bulging fontanel means that the soft spot looks bigger than usual. The normally soft area may swell up taller than the rest of the skull. The baby’s head may appear to change shape, or the soft spot might look misshapen. Sometimes, the baby’s whole head looks bigger.
How do I know if my baby’s soft spot is bulging?
The fontanelles should feel firm and very slightly curved inward to the touch. A tense or bulging fontanelle occurs when fluid builds up in the brain or the brain swells, causing increased pressure inside the skull. When the infant is crying, lying down, or vomiting, the fontanelles may look like they are bulging.
Where is baby soft spot back of head?
Infant and toddler health
These soft spots are spaces between the bones of the skull where bone formation isn’t complete. This allows the skull to be molded during birth. The smaller spot at the back usually closes by age 2 to 3 months. The larger spot toward the front often closes around age 18 months.
When does a baby’s skull fuse?
Around two years of age, a child’s skull bones begin to join together because the sutures become bone. When this occurs, the suture is said to “close.” In a baby with craniosynostosis, one or more of the sutures closes too early. This can limit or slow the growth of the baby’s brain.
Is newborn dehydrated?
Babies and toddlers can get dehydrated quickly because of their small size. Newborns have such tiny stomachs that they can’t hold much milk at a time. Call your doctor if you notice any symptoms of dehydration. It can get serious fast.
How do I know if baby is dehydrated?
Signs of Dehydration in Infants & Children
- Plays less than usual.
- Urinates less frequently (for infants, fewer than six wet diapers per day)
- Parched, dry mouth.
- Fewer tears when crying.
- Sunken soft spot of the head in an infant or toddler.
How do you know if your fontanelle is sunken?
The fontanelles should feel firm and should curve inward slightly to the touch. A noticeably sunken fontanelle is a sign that the infant does not have enough fluid in their body.