The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the American Thyroid Association (ATA) have recommended that pregnant women use supplements containing 150 mcg/day of iodine.
Is it safe to take iodine while pregnant?
The American Thyroid Association currently recommends for women planning pregnancy, pregnant, or breastfeeding to take supplements containing 150 μg of iodine a day.
How much iodine should a pregnant woman take?
The US recommended daily allowances (RDA) for iodine intake are 150 mcg in adults, 220 to 250 mcg in pregnant women, and 250 to 290 mcg in breastfeeding women.
Why do you need to take iodine when pregnant?
Iodine helps the body to grow and develop, especially the brain. Because babies get iodine from their mothers, pregnant and breastfeeding women need more iodine. During pregnancy and while breastfeeding, choose foods that are high in iodine and take an iodine tablet every day.
When is iodine most important during pregnancy?
During pregnancy, you need about 50% more iodine. It’s especially important during the first trimester, when your baby’s thyroid gland is developing and still unable to produce thyroid hormone, which is needed for normal brain development, according to researchers from Boston Medical Center.
What happens when a pregnant woman has iodine deficiency disease?
As such, severe iodine deficiency in pregnancy can lead to maternal and fetal hypothyroidism. As adequate thyroid hormone is required for normal fetal development, iodine deficiency in pregnancy is associated with congenital anomalies, decreased intelligence, and cretinism as well as maternal and fetal goitre.
What supplements should you not take when pregnant?
Supplements to avoid during pregnancy
- Vitamin A. You’ll often find vitamin A in your prenatal vitamins since it’s so important. …
- Vitamin E. …
- Black cohosh. …
- Goldenseal. …
- Dong quai. …
- Yohimbe. …
- Other herbal supplements considered unsafe during pregnancy.
Is iodine important in prenatal vitamins?
Iodine is an essential micronutrient for thyroid hormone production. Adequate maternal thyroid hormone in pregnancy is important for fetal neurodevelopment, and even mild iodine deficiency in pregnant women has been linked to lower cognitive function in their children (1).
How can I get iodine while pregnant?
An easy way to make sure that you are getting iodine in your diet is to use iodized salt when cooking and at the dinner table. You can also take a daily prenatal vitamin that contains at least 150 mcg of iodine if you are already pregnant or are planning to become pregnant.
What are the symptoms of low iodine?
What are the signs of iodine deficiency?
- increased sensitivity to cold.
- dry skin.
- weight gain.
- puffy face.
- muscle weakness.
- elevated blood cholesterol levels.
Should I take folic acid after 12 weeks?
Most adults and children can take folic acid. If you’re pregnant or trying for a baby, it’s recommended you take folic acid until you’re 12 weeks pregnant. It helps your baby grow normally.
What does too much iodine cause?
High iodine intakes can also cause thyroid gland inflammation and thyroid cancer. Getting a very large dose of iodine (several grams, for example) can cause burning of the mouth, throat, and stomach; fever; stomach pain; nausea; vomiting; diarrhea; weak pulse; and coma.