Poor control of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances for birth defects and other problems for the pregnancy. It can also cause serious complications for the woman. Proper health care before and during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects and other health problems.
How does diabetes affect the baby during pregnancy?
Babies of mothers who have gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Stillbirth. Untreated gestational diabetes can result in a baby’s death either before or shortly after birth.
Can a woman with diabetes have a healthy baby?
If a woman with diabetes keeps her blood sugar well controlled before and during pregnancy, she can increase her chances of having a healthy baby. Controlling blood sugar also reduces the chance that a woman will develop common problems of diabetes, or that the problems will get worse during pregnancy.
Can diabetes cause birth defects?
Yes. If it’s not managed well, diabetes can increase your risk for complications during pregnancy, including: Birth defects, like heart defects and birth defects of the brain and spine called neural tube defects (also called NTDs). Birth defects are health conditions that are present at birth.
How does type 2 diabetes affect pregnancy?
When your blood sugar is high, it causes the baby to be “overfed.” This can increase risks of shoulder injuries during delivery and increases the likelihood of a cesarean delivery, or C-section. Preterm birth. Women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are more likely to give birth early than women without diabetes.
What happens when your sugar is too high while pregnant?
High blood sugar can cause problems all over the body. It can damage blood vessels and nerves. It can harm the eyes, kidneys, and heart. In early pregnancy, high blood sugar can lead to birth defects in a growing baby.
What are the signs of diabetes in pregnancy?
What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes?
- Unusual thirst.
- Frequent urination in large amounts (distinguished from the also frequent but usually light urination of early pregnancy)
- Fatigue (which may be difficult to differentiate from normal pregnancy fatigue)
Can you have a healthy baby with type 2 diabetes?
A healthy pregnancy is certainly possible with diabetes, but it takes extra care. If you plan to get pregnant with type 2 diabetes, see your doctor first. You need a plan to keep your blood sugar level under control — and during pregnancy the goals for blood sugars are very different.
What is the normal blood sugar level for a pregnant woman?
For a fasting blood test (no food within eight hours), blood sugar should be under 95 mg/dL. (Normally, it’s 100 mg/dL, but pregnant women have lower blood sugar, so 95 is the norm.) If your levels are higher, it can be a sign of gestational diabetes.
What are the birth defects caused by mothers with diabetes?
Among the defects in children born to women with diabetes are heart problems, brain and spinal defects, oral clefts, kidney and gastrointestinal tract defects, and limb deficiencies.
Does pregnancy worsen diabetes?
Pregnancy can worsen certain long-term diabetes problems, such as eye problems and kidney disease, especially if your blood glucose levels are too high.
What should a pregnant diabetic eat?
Gestational diabetes diet
- Plenty of whole fruits and vegetables.
- Moderate amounts of lean proteins and healthy fats.
- Moderate amounts of whole grains, such as bread, cereal, pasta, and rice, plus starchy vegetables, such as corn and peas.
- Fewer foods that have a lot of sugar, such as soft drinks, fruit juices, and pastries.
Can Type 2 diabetes cause miscarriage?
In type 2 diabetes, the major causes of pregnancy loss were stillbirth, birth asphyxia, and chorioamnionitis. Unexplained stillbirth and chorioamnionitis were strikingly more prevalent in women with type 2 diabetes than in women with type 1 diabetes.
How do you manage type 2 diabetes during pregnancy?
Controlling diabetes during pregnancy
- Fine-tuning your diet during pregnancy. …
- Gaining the right amount of weight. …
- Fitting in fitness. …
- Getting enough rest. …
- Regulating medications. …
- Regularly checking your blood sugar levels. …
- Careful monitoring by your doctor.
Should I continue taking metformin when pregnant?
Metformin has a very low risk of birth defects and complications for your baby, making this drug safe to take before and during pregnancy.