Perspective: Beta-blockers are a first-line medication for hypertension during pregnancy and are also used during pregnancy for various other maternal cardiac conditions.
Can you use beta-blockers while pregnant?
β-Blockers are the most commonly used class of medication for treating cardiac conditions in pregnant women. Despite the common use of this class of medication, data that support its safety are limited. β-Blockers cross the placenta and potentially can cause physiological changes in the fetus.
Which beta-blockers are safe during pregnancy?
There is a general consensus that labetalol is safer than other β-blockers during pregnancy, and this drug is rapidly becoming the first-line choice in conditions, such as chronic hypertension during pregnancy.
Why are beta-blockers contraindicated in pregnancy?
(10-14) However, beta-blockers cross the placental barrier and are associated with several adverse effects, such as delayed intrauterine growth, respiratory depression, neonatal bradycardia and hypoglycemia, particularly when treatment is started early on in the pregnancy (i.e. at 12–24 weeks).
Is it OK to take propranolol while pregnant?
Propranolol has been used safely to treat a variety of conditions during pregnancy, including hypertension and pheochromocytoma in the mother, and tachyarrhythmias in both the mother and fetus.
Can beta blockers cause birth defects?
Conclusions: Maternal use of beta-blockers in the first trimester is not associated with an increased risk for congenital malformations.
Are Beta Blockers Safe?
Beta blockers are generally safe to take. Side effects tend to be annoying, not life-threatening.
What are natural beta blockers?
8 Natural Sources Of Beta-blockers To Treat Hypertension
- Anti-oxidant fruits and vegetables. Anti-oxidants help prevent inflammatory conditions and lower blood pressure. …
- Pulses. …
- Leafy green vegetables. …
- Garlic. …
- Saffron. …
- Low-fat dairy products. …
- Bananas. …
Will labetalol affect my baby?
Labetalol is not thought to harm an unborn baby. But there’s a small chance that when your baby’s born the medicine can affect their blood sugar levels. For this reason your baby may be monitored for the first 24 hours to make sure everything is OK.
Do beta blockers decrease milk supply?
In general, beta blockers that are considered to pose less risk to a breastfeeding infant have, or are predicted to have, lower levels in breast milk (due to a high degree plasma protein binding, low lipid solubility and a short half-life) and relatively low renal excretion.
What is the safest blood pressure medication during pregnancy?
Methyldopa has been used for decades to treat high blood pressure in pregnancy and it appears to be safe. Labetalol has been extensively studied and has become increasing prescribed in pregnancy. Labetalol is now commonly used as a first-line treatment choice.
What is the heart rate during pregnancy?
During pregnancy, the amount of blood pumped by the heart (cardiac output) increases by 30 to 50%. As cardiac output increases, the heart rate at rest speeds up from a normal prepregnancy rate of about 70 beats per minute to as high as 90 beats per minute.
Is metoprolol bad for pregnancy?
Metoprolol use in late pregnancy may cause the baby to have symptoms of the drug acting on its heart, blood vessels, and metabolism. Symptoms in the baby can include slowed heart rate and low blood sugar.
Can propranolol harm my baby?
Propranolol use in late pregnancy may cause the baby to have symptoms of the drug acting on its heart, blood vessels, and metabolism. Symptoms would include slowed heart rate and low blood sugar. Does taking propranolol in pregnancy cause long-term problems in behavior or learning for the baby.
Can propranolol cause a miscarriage?
Can taking propranolol in pregnancy cause miscarriage? A single study provided no evidence that use of propranolol in early pregnancy was linked to an increased risk of miscarriage. No further studies have assessed miscarriage rates in women taking propranolol and more research into this subject is therefore required.
What can I take for anxiety while pregnant?
While benzodiazepines are category D, long-term anxiety medications like Prozac and Zoloft are often described as “probably safe.” Tricyclic antidepressants and buspirone may be safe during pregnancy as well.